This article explains how to get a licence to sell alcohol. To sell alcohol by retail in England and Wales and in Scotland there needs to be a Premises Licence for the premises or location where the sales occur and a personal licence for the individual who makes those sales, or authorises other people to sell on his or her behalf.
Typically therefore a pub, shop or restaurant will have a Premises Licence authorising the retail sales of alcohol and the person making those sales or authorising staff to sell for him or her will have a personal licence.
Every sale of alcohol by retail must be made by or authorised by a personal licence holder, so each premises with a premises licence requires at least one personal licence holder for the business. An application for a personal licence requires the applicant first to gain the Award for Personal Licence Holders (APLH*) qualification in England & Wales or the Scottish Certificate for Personal Licence Holders (SCPLH) for applications in Scotland.
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Applications for personal licences and premises licences are made to the Licensing Authority (England & Wales) or Licensing Board (Scotland).